Scarce Large Albumen of Medal of Honor Winner and Gettysburg Commander Charles H Smith of the 1st Maine Cavalry. "Smith was born in Hollis, Maine. He taught school before the Civil War. He married Mary R. L. Livermore in 1850. She died on December 18, 1897, in Washington, D.C. He never remarried, and died in Washington also, on July 17, 1902. He is buried in Arlington National Cemetery next to his wife. His younger brother, George Washington Smith, served as a 90-day volunteer as a sergeant in Co I, 3rd Massachusetts Infantry, reenlisting in the 18th Massachusetts Infantry where he served from August 1861 to September 1864.MilitaryDuring the Civil War, Smith was a member of the 1st Maine Volunteer Cavalry Regiment. He was commissioned a captain in November 1861 and took command of Company D. He served well and was promoted to major on February 16, 1863. Promoted again March 26 to lieutenant colonel, he participated in the Stoneman 1863 raid. He commanded the regiment in Col. Douty's absence at Brandy Station assuming command after Douty's death at Aldie June 17, 1863 when he was promoted colonel. He was breveted to brigadier general on August 20, 1864, and took command of the brigade. He ended the war at Appomattox having commanded several brigades and a division.He earned his Medal of Honor for his actions at the Battle of St. Mary's Church in October 1864. Issued on April 11, 1895, his citation read:The President of the United States of America, in the name of Congress, takes pleasure in presenting the Medal of Honor to Colonel (Cavalry) Charles Henry Smith, United States Army, for extraordinary heroism on 24 June 1864, while serving with 1st Maine Cavalry, in action at St. Mary's Church, Virginia. Colonel Smith remained in the fight to the close, although severely wounded.— D. S. Lamont, Secretary of WarHe remained in the army after the war and retired as a colonel in 1891.
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