Civil War Confederate Brigadier General. At the outbreak of the Civil War, he was a lawyer in practice when commissioned Colonel in command of the 11th Regiment Virginia Volunteers. He led the 11th Virginia at the First Manassas, Dranesville, Williamsburg and was promoted to Brigadier General in May of 1862. On September 14, 1862, he was ordered to Fox's Gap at South Mountain, Maryland and he deployed his troops in a defensive position behind a stone wall along the edge of a field. Soon about 3,000 Federals were pressing hard against his troops with artillary and infantry rifle fire. Garland was struck by a bullet that tore through his chest and knocked him off his horse. His staff carried him down a road to the South Mountain Inn where he was laid on the front porch and died of his wound. At the time of his death, he was one of the most promising officers in the Confederate Army, whom led by example and had always shown conspicuous bravery under fire.
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